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MMA advances in list to define invasive exotic species of the country

Chile has at least 25 of the 100 invasive alien species co


Chile has at least 25 of the 100 considered the most harmful on the planet.

The Chilean It is a unique natural heritage in the world. The country’s physical and climatic barriers have allowed the presence of species that have developed in isolation from the rest of the continent, originating an extremely valuable ecosystem, but, at the same time, especially fragile and susceptible to being affected by invasive alien species (IAS).

According to Intergovernmental Scientific-normative Platform on Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Services ()IAS are the second threat that causes the greatest amount of species extinction globally, positioning them as one of the main reasons for biodiversity loss.

In the case of Chile, At least 25 of the 100 invasive alien species considered the most harmful on the planet inhabit the national territory.

Currently, the Ministry of the Environment has a catalog of the exotic species present in the national territory, but the procedure by which they are prioritized and specified as invasive is not established. For this reason, it is that the Department of Species Conservation of the portfolio is developing a process for its definition, which allows the generation of national policies and guidelines for a better and more efficient management of these.

According to information from the Ministry of the Environment (MMA), the definition is worked under different national and international guidelines: the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); the National Biodiversity Strategy; the Operational Committee for the , Control and Eradication of Invasive Alien Species (COCEI) of the MMA; and the Technical Scientific and Advisory Committee on bioinvaders, mandated by the Minister of the Environment, Maisa Rojas.

The objectives of the process are:1. Generate a prioritized list of species for IAS eradication in Chile2. Generate a list of species for local control and/or impact reduction3. Generate a species observation list for prevention and for potential income.